“My countrymen, preserve your jealousy-reject suspicion, it is the fiend that destroys public and private happiness. I know some weak, but very few if any wicked men in public confidence.
And learn this most difficult and necessary lesson: That on the preservation of parties, public liberty depends. Whenever men are unanimous on great public questions, whenever there is but one party, freedom ceases and despotism commences.
The object of a free and wise people should be so to balance parties, that from the weakness of all you may be governed by the moderation of the combined judgments of the whole, not tyrannized over by the blind passions of a few individuals.”
John Francis Mercer (A [Maryland] Farmer), Anti-Federalist No. 10, “On the Preservation of Parties, Public Liberty Depends,” Maryland Gazette and Baltimore Advertiser, March 18, 1788